North India  |  Arts & Crafts of Rajasthan

Arts & Crafts Of Rajasthan

The culturally rich state of Rajasthan is also famous for its amazing arts and crafts. Be it stone or wood or lac or leather and a number of other items, each one of them is worked upon and given exquisite forms. Rajasthan arts and crafts are in the blood of the people of the state. They have existed as far back as the 10th century. Along with the passing time, more and more contribution was made to the creative pursuits of the rajasthanis. An arts & crafts tour of Rajasthan will make you fall in love with the rich handiwork of the Rajasthanis.

The former kings and nobles of Rajasthan provided the main patronage to the craftsmen of the state. Right from the elephants to the palaces to the mud huts, everything was decorated with the same details. This encouragement given at that time slowly and gradually contributed to the arts and crafts of Rajasthan in their present form. Even the clothes were given special attention. The clothes of the warriors were exquisitely designed and their armor was bejeweled and intricately carved. For the womenfolk, there was a wide variety, ranging from tie and dye fabrics, to enameled jewelry to embroidered jutis.

As the rulers kept on changing, more and more art forms were added. The artisans of the Rajput rulers were even encouraged to set up schools of their crafts. All this led to the Rajasthan arts crafts, as we know of them now.

Paintings of Rajasthan

Some of the most amazing and exquisite paintings can be found in Rajasthan. Paintings of Rajasthan are a sort of must buy for art lovers. The paintings are so unique that they are beyond any kind of imitation. The beauty of Rajasthani paintings is sure to make a place in your heart. The main types of Rajasthan, India paintings are mentioned in the following lines:

Miniature Paintings

The most known and famous paintings of Rajasthan are the miniature paintings. They date back to the 11th century. Painted on hand made paper with mineral and vegetable colors, these paintings are full of colorful depictions. There are as many as seven painting styles of the miniature paintings themselves. Initially, the miniature painting styles were used for the purpose of manuscripts for text illustrations. Later on, they started depicting the life and time of the royals.

Phads

Phads are the traditional sroll paintings, still thriving in Rajasthan. Phads are paintings mainly showing the life and exploits of Pabuji and Dev Narain, the popular folk heroes of Rajasthan. They are painted on a rectangular piece of a coarse cloth. Other depictions include scenes from the Bhagvad Purana and other folk stories.

Pichwais

Another type of paintings Rajasthan is famous for are the Pichwais. The main use of Pichwais is to be used for the background in Srinathji, Nathdwara. Pichwais can be made in a number of ways like woven, hand painted, embroidered or printed with hand blocks, etc.

Folk Painting

Folk paintings are made with raw hand. They are generally made on some special occasions like marriage, birth of a child, festivals, etc. In the rural and tribal areas of Rajasthan, this tradition of getting a folk painting made is followed.

Handicrafts of Rajasthan

Apart from its famous forts and palaces, Rajasthan is quite known for its handicrafts also. Reflecting the rich culture of the state, handicrafts of Rajasthan retain their uniqueness. Adding to the attraction of Rajasthan, Rajasthani handicrafts serve as an outlet for the creativity of the Rajasthani people. The following lines tell us more about Rajasthan, India handicrafts:

Handmade Jewelry

The traditional handmade jewelry of Rajasthan consists of rakhri, gokhru, timamyan, bala, bajuband, etc. One of the famous jewelry works of Rajasthan is Meenakari, enameled gold and silver jewelry.

Blue Pottery Craft

Blue pottery makes use of quartz, along with sodium sulphate, multani mitti (clay) and raw glaze. It is a Persian art form, first introduced in the state by Maharaja Ram Singh. The most known place for blue pottery in Rajasthan is Jaipur. Blue, green and white are the colors mainly used.

Rajasthan Quilts

The place in Rajasthan most famous for quilts is Jaipur. The specialty of these quilts is that they are of high quality and are as light and soft as a feather. They are available in a number of varieties like cotton block printed, velvet printed, etc.

Mojaris/Jutis

Mojris/Jutis are Rajasthani footwear made up of leather and having exquisite embroidery. The pattern and design of embroidery varies from region to region. However, Jaipur and Jodhpur are the places most famous for mojris.

Wooden Furniture

Carved wooden furniture has different styles in different parts of Rajasthan. The most famous work on furniture is the latticework. Jodhpur and Kishangarh are known for carved caskets, screens, doors, chairs, etc.

Marble Crafts

The marble crafts of Rajasthan consist of carved wall hangings, statues of god and goddesses, furniture, sculptures, tabletops, fountains, vases, statues, fireplaces, etc in marble.

Ivory

If you visit Rajasthan, you will see most of the womenfolk wearing ivory bangles. The wearing of these bangles is considered to be a symbol of good omen. The ivory is inlaid and molded into beautiful shapes.